Did you know?

  • Proton radiation therapy reduces the risk of secondary malignancy by up to 50%.
  • The extraneous dose to the heart while treating lung cancer through proton therapy is reduced by 80%.
  • Treatment time for proton therapy can take from one day for certain conditions or up to eight weeks (prostate cancer) depending on tumour sites.
  • Operating proton centers can treat up to 300 patients daily.
  • In the last thirty years, more than one third of all Italian high school pupils have studied physics on the textbooks of Professor Ugo Amaldi. Professor Ugo Amaldi has been a senior scientist at CERN since the 1970s. At present, he is working on the development of novel linear accelerator systems for tumour treatment with Advanced Oncotherapy.
  • The Universe is made of atoms, which in turn are made of electrons, neutrons and protons. Many of experiments done at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN are continuing to help us understand more and more about nuclear physics. And many of the experiments should help us understand more of what happened at the time of Big Bang and what is happening inside black holes.
  • CERN is the birthplace of the World Wide Web. The World Wide Web began as a CERN project called ENQUIRE, initiated by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989 and Robert Cailliau in 1990. Based on the concept of hypertext, the project was aimed at facilitating sharing information among researchers. The first website went on-line in 1991. On 30 April 1993, CERN announced that the World Wide Web would be free to anyone.